Some Basic Chord Formations

Discussion in 'Beginner's Q&A Forum' started by Arindam.Ray, Jul 7, 2005.

  1. Arindam.Ray

    Arindam.Ray Undertaker

    These are some basic chord formations...practice these & it will make a better guitarist out of you....

    Next day I'll give some really really WEIRD!! chords for you guys :{}

    Major chords (1 3 5)

    c major - x32010.
    a major - x02220.
    g major - 320003
    e major - 022100
    d major - xx0232

    Minor chords (1 3b 5)
    c minor - x31010
    a minor - x02210
    g minor - 320000
    e minor - 022000
    d minor - xx0231

    Augmented chords (1 3 5#)

    c aug - x2100x
    a aug - xx2110
    g aug - 32100x
    e aug - xx2110
    d aug - xx2110

    Diminished chords (1 3b 5b)

    c dim - x42020
    a dim - x0121x
    g dim - 41010x
    e dim - 0120xx
    d dim - xx2020

    Major 7th chords (1 3 5 7)

    c maj 7 - x3200x
    a maj 7 - 002120
    g maj 7 - 5421xx
    e maj 7 - 021100
    d maj 7 - x00222

    Minor 7th chords (1 3b 5 7b)

    c min 7 - x42100
    a min 7 - 002010
    g min 7 - 6431xx
    e min 7 - 020000
    d min 7 - xxo211

    Augmented 7 chords (1 3 5# 7b)

    c aug 7 - x5431x
    a aug 7 - x03021
    g aug 7 - 6541xx
    e aug 7 - xx5441
    d aug 7 - xx0312

    Diminished 7th chords (1 3b 5b 7b)

    c dim 7 - x6421x
    a dim 7 - 012020
    g dim 7 - 7531xx
    e dim 7 - 012020
    d dim 7 - xx2323

    Dominant 7th chord (1 3 5 7b)

    c 7 - 032310
    a 7 - 002020
    g 7 - 32300x
    g 7 - 320001
    e 7 - 020100
    d 7 - x00212

    Minor 7th flat 5 chords (1 3b 5b 7b)

    c min 7 5b - 042000
    a min 7 5b - x01010
    g min 7 5b - 31302x
    e min 7 5b - xx5321
    d min 7 5b - xx0111

    Suspended 2nd chords

    c sus 2 - x3001x
    a sus 2 - 002200
    g sus 2 - 3000xx
    e sus 2 - no form, sorry
    d sus 2 - x00230

    Suspended 4th chords

    c sus 4 - x33010
    a sus 4 - 002230
    g sus 4 - 3300xx
    e sus 4 - 022200
    d sus 4 - x00233

    Suspended 7th/ dominant 7th with 9th

    c sus 7 - x3331x
    a sus 7 - 002030
    g sus 7 - 3330xx
    e sus 7 - 02020xx
    d sus 7 - x00213

    Ninth chords (135 7b 9)

    c 9 - x32333
    a 9 - 002000
    g 9 - 3232xx
    e 9 - 020102
    d 9 - x00210

    With Warm Regards,
    Arindam Ray.
  2. sayanakaharry

    sayanakaharry Forum Leader

    Great job arindam da. fantastic shapes. will wait eagerly for those weird chords.
  3. souman_das

    souman_das New Member

    hi people,
    arindam you know what, it was yours posts which made me join igt.
    i am playing guitar for the past 9 years and let me tell you that if i know anything about guitar,then mark my words"you are the best".
    i consider only two guitarists really admirable here at igt ,one is bandbaaja and another is you,dear arindam, even jayswami is out of my list and one more thing, i think some of your chords are not right,plz check them.
    you are a gem of a person,god bless you always and do pm me your yahoo chat id or mail address.


    LEFTY_GUITARIST -= M®. §öU†|-|ÞäW =-

    gr8 post.............

    btw dis shld be in bigginers forum...........
  5. Arindam.Ray

    Arindam.Ray Undertaker

    Thanks all !!!! Thanks Souman !!!! But according to me everybody is good,but what people lack is...CONFIDENCE..!!

    I have had around 50 students learned/learning guitar from me..and all of them are able to play (well most of them atleast 99% !!!!!!!) on stage within a year..thats not bcoz of me..but bcoz they have the confidence to play and larn in a proper way....One of my student BABAI (Prasanta)...also a member of IGT.... is the best out of the lot..even he can play some RUN on guitar which i cant !!! It's amazing how quickly he learned this instrument..its not only that he has got god-gifted talent...but its only bcoz he has got confidence and the dedication to learn & play!!

    Some little tricks that people miss out as I have seen thru these teaching years is the "Learning of Scales" properly...for say give me examples to you guys...

    1) How many can you tune your guitar to "Nashville Tuning" without the help of your teacher?

    2) How many can you play the exact notes (and I mean Exact!!!!) notes of Neele Neele Ambar by Kishore Kumar?

    3) How many of you can tell me whats the last chord of the All time hit song TIME by PINK FLOYD ?

    ......... -9
    Its Bm7 !!!!!!!!!!

    So I have told you the last chord of TIME.....but how to play it ?

    it is ..... x 2 3 2 1 0.....But how to find it when teacher is not available ? This is what I'm talking about...

    Everybody seem to become David Gilmore/Slash/Hendrix/Satriani..Steve Vai in 1 day...well pal thats not possible...some of my students wants to play "Chehra hai ya chand khila"...from Saagar or "Neele Neele ambar" in a month..i cant let make understand that Yes u can do it someday..but that will need tremendous amount of dedication from u..that hurts them and they leave my class....

    So i beg to all my fellow IGTians that plz dedicate more time to your instrument...and definately u will get the result...!!!

    With Warm Regards,
    Arindam Ray ( Bappada).
  6. vini

    vini Repeat Offender shud've been in bqa forum..anyways.. a pat on ur back :grin:

  7. billyboy

    billyboy New Member

    good post...............
  8. souman_das

    souman_das New Member

    hi arindam,
    when you say that this instrument needs lots of practice and dedication,you are 100% true.
    i am also a teacher and i also have students like you.
    i have my guitar coaching institute here as well.
    students generally have very high expectations and they want to learn guns 'n' roses at the first go.
    i have told them a lot of times that learning songs directly without having any knowledge of scales and all is a blunder they are committing.
    they will never get the theory right and won't understand why a chord is used instead of another one.
    and one more thing about neele neele ambar's interludes and preludes,they are one of the best pieces on guitar ever rendered in indian music by RD Burman.
    i have worked out the actual piece way back and have played it on several stage shows.
    i have checked your version and post ,my friend if you are willing to accept it then i must say that your tabs are not 100% correct.
    the interlude is not correct and you have missed out the chords that are used in between like Dsus4 which reduces it's effectiveness a bit.

    anyway bhai onek kotha holo,kichu mone korona jodi kichhu bhool kotha bole thakle.
    i am saying again that you are among the best,take care.

    your friend,
  9. Arindam.Ray

    Arindam.Ray Undertaker

    Yep..u r right souman..some of the notes isnt right in that song submitted by me..actually writing TAB is not at all fun for me atleast !! day i'll carry on with my chord session...

    In the meantime practice this arpezzio....

    G..Gm7..G6..G/B..G+..D7..D9...Its a great progression from PINK FLOYD Wots Uh The Deal...

    With Warm Regards,
    Arindam Ray.
  10. Arindam.Ray

    Arindam.Ray Undertaker

    Some Theory about Chords....

    Open position chords

    C D E F G A etc...

    Dmin Emin Amin Fmin

    G major G minor C major C minor

    Now, a minor chord is based the same way as a major with one exception
    major I III V
    minor I bIII V

    Major scale = I, II, III, IV, V, VI, VII
    Minor scale = I, II, bIII, IV, V, bVI, bVII

    C, E, G and make it a C minor all you have to do is flat the third.
    C, Eb, G and there's your minor chord, it's really easy once you get the
    hang of major - minor relationships.

    Ok, now onto triads. A triad is just three notes I, III, and V major triad. tri-three, three notes. For now, I'm only going to get into major and minor because I don't want to confuse the issue.

    Dmaj D#maj Gmaj Dmin F#min Bmin

    For the first chord, Dmaj, when using it in open position, you would play the open D for the 'root' note. Well, with these triads, the root note isn't on top.


    In this chord, you're playing the C (root) note twice, sometimes, especially with two guitarists, or a keyboard player, it sound muddy, if you take off the bottom root note,


    You have this, less bass doesn't sound as muddy and you can play around more with it. And it's still a Cmaj chord.

    The Key of Cmajor

    C Dmin or Emin Fmaj Gmaj Amin

    Something else you can do is invert the chords. I.e. using a different bass note, playing a chord that way, makes it more interesting. And it doesn't really sound like a generic chord anymore.

    An A major chord with a C# in the bass. A, C#, E is an A major Triad but by putting a C# instead of the open A gives it a different flavor. Especially when the bassist is playing A under the chord, it sounds cool.

    A/C# D/E etc...

    Melodization of triads is accomplished by replacing the top note of a triad (the root, 3rd or 5th depending on the inversion) with a higher degree of the scale from which the chord is formed. These notes (other than 1, 3 or 5) are referred to as tension notes, tensions or high degrees.

    General Rule: A melodic tension replaces the 1st triadic tone directly below it in pitch. (usually found on the same string).

    In plain english..


    Ok, now this is a Cmajor triad, but replacing the open G with an A. this is replacing the 1st triadic tone (G) with (A) C, E, G is now C, E A. Kinda cool huh? None of this is law, this sorta stuff has to sound good to you. Some of this might sound bad to you, but, I might like it, it's personal preference.

    Now for some more.


    Sus chords: (suspended) Which is I, IV, V. John Petrucci, from Dream Theater, uses these chords often. They sound good and when you can't figure out major or minor chord to use a sus chord works great usually.

    Asus F#sus Fsus Csus

    I'm sure you all know about power chords i.e. root & fifth




    Major = I III V
    C C E G
    G G B D
    D D F# A
    A A C# E
    E E G# B
    B B D# F#
    F# F# A# C#
    F F A C
    Bb Bb D F
    Eb Eb G Bb
    Ab Ab C Eb
    Db Db F Ab
    Gb Gb Bb Db

    Minor = I IIIb V
    Cm C Eb G
    Gm G Bb D
    Dm D F A
    Am A C E
    Em E G B
    Bm B D F#
    F#m F# A C#
    Fm F Ab C
    Bbm Bb Db F
    Ebm Eb Gb Bb
    Abm Ab Cb Eb
    Dbm Db Fb Ab
    Gbm Gb Bbb Db (Bbb is the same as A)
    flat twice would bring it down a whole step

    Dominant = I III V VIIb
    C7 C E G Bb
    G7 G B D F
    D7 D F# A C
    A7 A C# E G
    E7 E G# B D
    B7 B D# F# A
    F#7 F# A# C# E
    F7 F A C Eb
    Bb7 Bb D F Ab
    Eb7 Eb G Bb Db
    Ab7 Ab C Eb Gb
    Db7 Db F Ab Cb (B)
    Gb7 Gb Bb Db Fb

    Chord Name * Formula *
    MAJOR 1 3 5 C E G
    SUSPENDED 1 4 5 C F G
    MAJOR ADD NINE 1 3 5 9 C E G D
    MINOR 1 b3 5 C Eb G
    AUGMENTED 1 3 #5 C E G#
    MAJOR SIX 1 3 5 6 C E G A
    MAJOR SIX ADD NINE 1 3 5 6 9 C E G A D
    MINOR SIX 1 b3 5 6 C Eb G A
    MINOR SIX ADD NINE 1 b3 5 6 9 C Eb G A D
    DOMINANT SEVEN 1 3 5 b7 C E G Bb
    SEVEN SUSPENDED 1 4 5 b7 C F G Bb
    MINOR SEVEN 1 b3 5 b7 C Eb G Bb
    DIMINISHED SEVEN 1 b3 b5 bb7 C Eb Gb Bbb (A)
    MAJOR SEVEN 1 3 5 7 C E G B
    MINOR MAJOR SEVEN 1 b3 5 7 C Eb G B
    NINTH 1 3 5 b7 9 C E G Bb D
    MINOR NINE 1 b3 5 b7 9 C Eb G Bb D
    MAJOR NINE 1 3 5 7 9 C E G B D
    ELEVENTH 1 (3) 5 b7 9 11 C (E) G Bb D F ()=OPTIONAL
    MINOR ELEVENTH 1 b3 5 b7 9 11 C Eb G Bb D F
    THIRTEENTH 1 3 5 b7 9(11) 13 C E G Bb D(F) A ()=OPTIONAL
    MINOR THIRTEEN 1 b3 5 b7 9(11) 13 C Eb G Bb D(F) A ()=OPTIONAL

    Scale Note: I II III IV V VI VII
    Constructed: Maj Min Min Maj Maj Min Dim
    C C D E F G A B
    G G A B C D E F#
    D D E F# G A B C#
    A A B C# D E F# G#
    E E F# G# A B C# D#
    B B C# D# E F# G# A#
    F# F# G# A# B C# D# E#
    F F G A Bb C D E
    Bb Bb C D Eb F G A
    Eb Eb F G Ab Bb C D
    Ab Ab Bb C Db Eb F G
    Db Db Eb F Gb Ab Bb C
    Gb Gb Ab Bb Cb Db Eb F

    With Warm Regards,
    Arindam Ray
  11. nik_bokacheley

    nik_bokacheley :help: I'm a mad :sadbye:

    W0w....gr8 post....:eek::...thnx d00de...
  12. Arindam.Ray

    Arindam.Ray Undertaker

    Dear All....How are you guys ? Hope everything is nice & fine out there....well here's a very very awesome guitar part played eventually by my GOD..."David Gilmore"...and accompanied by Snowy White...of Pink the album "The Wall""Is there anybody out there ?" Though David got a helping hand..but i haven' its been played all by me...One more thing..i have increased the tempo a little bit...and i have used little delay,with medium chorus,and clean will like it...

    I have also attached the file of this song (rather music0 played & recorded by me at home...i have used Goldwave to convert it to 16000hz,mono, as to attch this file here....sound quality will definetly differ...but guys try to play it out...its great!!!

    Here goes the chord progression....Souman....check this out as everybody also....

    (Am/E....Am/F....Am/F#....Am/F....Am/E....Am/D....Am/C....Am/B....Am.....) X2





    Let me know whether it helped you guys or not...i'll attach more files in future...that will be the best way to learn...with tabs provided....right ?

    With Warm Regards,
    Arindam Ray.

    Attached Files:


    LEFTY_GUITARIST -= M®. §öU†|-|ÞäW =-

    ^^^^bhalo hoyeche boss!

    effect ta sundor........wid delay n chorus......
  14. apurbajd

    apurbajd ~#$&*$@*^$

    Nice tips Arindam da.... But I am beginner and I am facing a common problem... I can play a few chords and thats going well. But problem is I am not at all able to sense the timing. I need desperately some help here dada .. pls help me with some tips on how to master the basics of timing and how I can guess the timings by listening to a song ...

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