# Thread: The marriage of the scale to the chord...

1. ## The marriage of the scale to the chord...

To cut a long story short...here is how it is:

The 12 notes in music in order of appearance is like this:

C-C#-D-D#-E-F-F#-G-G#-A-A#-B...

Now, as we all know there is NO E# and NO B#.

Now all the notes of a scale are placed at certain INTERVALS.

The distance from C to C# is a half step (h)
The distance from C to D is a whole step (W)

And likewise for all the other notes too.

C D E F G A B C

This is our good old C Major scale. And now from the ASSUMED C Major scale, let's derive a major scale formula.

C D E F G A B C
W W h W W W h

WWhWWWh-whole whole half whole whole whole half

Memorize this correctly and permanently!!

Now from this formula we can derive ANY major scale! Ummm let's take E Major....

'E'...now take a WHOLE step from E...let's see..E to F is a half step...because there is not E#, the immediate next note is F (Look at the 12 notes above). We need a WHOLE step from E...so let's go one more half step ahead...that's F#. Right?

E F#
W

Now again a whole step from F#. Hey, you see that a whole step=2 half steps??
F#...to G to G#

E F# G#
W W h

Now a half step from G# is the IMMEDIATE next note, A.
Like this...step-by-step (literally!) we build the E Major scale like this:

E F# G# A B C# D# E

Now as a RULE, also remember that "Every chord is derived from it's respective scale"

What does that mean? Let's give each 'degree' of the scale a number....

C D E F G A B C

C=1
D=2
E=3
and so on

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
C D E F G A B C

Now time for some more formulae:

Major chord= 1-3-5

If we want a C Major chord...we first will write down the C Major scale. Then we use the Major Chord formula 1-3-5.
1=C
3=E
5=G

That's it! C-E-G is C Major. That was too easy!!

How about Cmb5 (pronounced as C minor flat five)?

mb5=1-b3-b5

So, we have C-Eb-Gb

Where is the 9th note???? Let's see...

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
C D E F G A B C D E F G A B C

Wow! That's just the same scale written in an increasing order of the frequency. These are two octaves. So, the 9th note of a scale is actually the 2nd note, played HIGHER on the octave, get it?

C-E-G-D

All the examples were given in the scale of C for simplicity. I would recommend doing the same kind of study with all the 12 scales.

I hope this lesson could be of help!

Suggestions and recommendations are welcome
Thanks!

2. Really good
easy for starters

4. ad,can u give an example for a minor as well as suspended..i got the major though im gettin confused in the above 2....

5. Suspended Chord=1-4-5

Minor chord=1-b3-5

Now, try to find out the chords on your own....

6. oki..i guess ther r formulaes like these for susp,augm,dimi....thx...

7. hm..im getin it somewhat now..

8. Major I - III - V
Major 6 I - III - V - VI
Major 6 add 9 I - III - V - VI - IX
Major 7 I - III - V - VII
Major 9 I - III - V - VII - IX
Dominant 7 I - III - V - bVII
Dominant 7b10 I - III - V - bVII - bX
Dominant 7 aug 5 I - III - #V - bVII
Dominant 7 sus 4 I - IV - V - bVII
Dominant 9 I - III - V - bVII - IX
Dominant 9 sus 4 I - IV - V - bVII - IX
Dominant 9 sus 4 I - IV - V - bVII - IX
Dominant 11 I - III - V - bVII - IX - XI
Dominant 13 I - III - V - bVII - IX - XI - XIII
Augmented I - III - #V
Minor I - bIII - V
Minor 6 I - bIII - V - VI
Minor 7 I - bIII - V - bVII
Minor 7 Flat 5 I - bIII - bV - bVII
Diminished I - bIII - bV
Diminished 7 I - bIII - bV - VI
Suspended 4 I - IV - V
Suspended 2 I - II - V
Add 9 I - III - V - IX

9. hell of info ambush...thx..

10. awesome stuff thanx

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